Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan urged Greece on Sunday to “open your gates” to refugees trying to enter the European Union from Turkey and said he hoped to win more help from the EU at talks on Monday.
Tens of thousands of migrants have been trying to get into Greece, an EU member state, since Turkey said on Feb. 28 it would no longer try to keep them on its territory – as agreed in 2016 with the EU in return for billions of euros in aid.
Turkey hosts about 3.6 million war refugees from Syria, where its troops and allied rebel forces are battling Russian-backed government forces, and says the EU has failed to honor promises made to Ankara.
“We were hoping to get much more support from the international community when it comes to refugees,” Erdogan said in a speech in Istanbul. “I have a meeting with European Union officials tomorrow in Belgium. We will discuss these issues.”
In response, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said “negotiating on the backs of the weakest” would not yield the desired result.
More than 1 million migrants, mostly from the Middle East and Asia, reached the EU in 2015 and 2016, most of them traveling through Turkey and Greece, until the agreement stopped the flow in March 2016. Turkey now fears a new influx of refugees following the latest fighting in Syria.
“We have fulfilled the obligations of the agreement we have made with the EU. However, the EU did not fulfill its commitments except for minimal contributions … I hope we will achieve different results this time,” Erdogan said.
Under the 2016 deal, the EU was to provide 6 billion euros ($6.8 billion) to help Turkey finance housing, schools and medical centers for the refugees. Erdogan said Turkey had received only half of this so far.
Turkey says the EU has not carried out promises of visa-free travel for Turkish citizens and an enhanced customs union. Ankara also wants more European support in Syria, where it aims to build settlements for refugees to return to northern Syria.
Erdogan is due to meet Charles Michel, who chairs summits of EU leaders, and Ursula von der Leyen, president of the EU’s executive Commission.
“If there is a shortage of money for providing essential humanitarian aid to refugees, whether in Turkey, Idlib or Jordan and Lebanon, we (the EU) will never refuse to talk,” Maas told Funke newspapers on Sunday. “But that depends on Turkey sticking to its side of the bargain.”
EU foreign ministers said last week they were ready to take “all necessary measures” to stop illegal crossings into Greece, but Erdogan said the migrants would not stay in Greece once they had crossed.
“Greece, I am calling on you from here, you too should open your gates and let them go,” he said. “We are looking for fair sharing of the burden.”
Greece says it has thwarted thousands of attempts by migrants to cross by land from Turkey since last week.